Focusing on the Poor and vulnerable...
Houses built
  65 built in Mawella
  51 built in Mirissa
Other infrastructure
  2 Disaster Mitigation centres built (Mawella & Mirissa)
  1 Fishery centre built (Mawella)
  1 Community Centre built (Mawella & Mirissa)
  2 Libraries built (1 at Mawella & 4 at Mirissa)
  1 IT centre built (Mirissa)
  1095 sanitary toilets built (40 at Mawella & 1055 at Mirissa)
Livelihoods supported
  26 boats distributed (Mawella)
  11 motor cycles distributed (Mawella)
  3 three wheelers distributed (Mawella)
  12 push cycles distributed (Mawella)
  35 boat engines distributed (Mawella)
  32 nets distributed (Mawella)
  Sewing machines distributed (Mirissa)
Other incentives
  Cash grants provided for 650 people
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Disaster Management Initiatives of PRDA



Approach to Disaster Management

Is rights based and respects the dignity of human beings
Places emphasis on the very poor, vulnerable and excluded groups such as female headed households without stable incomes, persons with disabilities, destitute, children etc.
Places priority in affected populations but also includes the non-affected poor and the vulnerable families living within the community or in the adjoining communities
Is participatory, and identification of beneficiaries, designing project interventions, planning, implementation and monitoring are conducted through community consultations and participation of the entire village and all key stakeholders
Is transparent and accountable, and are ensured with social audits
Encompasses providing a) immediate relief to families affected by disaster; b) financial and material support to rehabilitate the damaged/lost assets and livelihoods; and c) support for reconstruction or ‘building back better’


Interventions in the Tsunami Affected Communities
  Interventions of PRDA in the tsunami affected southern communities included;

Immediate Relief

Relief aid such as clothes, medicines, uniforms, school books and equipment for children, household goods, kitchen utensils, food items for pregnant mothers etc. was provided to affected families immediately after the tsunami.  
  School books and equipment for children (Mirissa)

Support for Livelihoods


Financial and material support are been provided to revive the lost livelihoods of the affected families. In the tsunami affected communities of Mawella and Mirissa more than 600 families have been already supported to restore their lost livelihoods. A variety of livelihoods were supported either to restore the lost livelihoods or to initiate new economic activities.
Support for Small-Scale Fishery Sector
  For the small-scale fishermen in Mawella who lost their boats and fishing gear in the tsunami, PRDA provided 26 boats; 35 outboard motor engines, and 32 fishing nets. Also, a number of retail fish traders were supported to revive their businesses by providing them with motor cycles and push cycles. Nearly 25 fish traders received push cycles and motor cycles in support of their business.
Motor bicycles to fish traders in Mawella   Boats to fishermen in Mawella
Sewing machines to dress-makers in Mirissa   Dress-makers supported in Mirissa
Support for a retail grocery    
Micro-Financing for Affected Families
  Savings and credit schemes are introduced to the affected families through the newly established CBOs. Revolving Loan Funds are established in these CBOs.


PRDA was able to construct altogether 117 houses for the families who lost their houses in the tsunami. Of them 52 houses were constructed in the southern coastal village of Mirissa in the Matara district and another 65 in Mawella, a village located in the coastal belt of the Hambantota district of the Southern Province. Community participation was mobilized for designing, planning and construction of these houses.  
  A house constructed in Mawella
Beneficiaries of these houses were primarily the women headed households, families with disabled members and the poor families who did not have a stable source of income or else who have lost their livelihood sources and related assets in the tsunami. The total investment in this housing programme exceeded US Dollars 600,000.  

A tsunami affected family receives a new house


A house under construction (Mirissa)


A house constructed in Mirissa

Health, Water and Sanitation
  More than 300,000 US Dollars have been spent on improving the sanitary conditions in the tsunami-affected villages of Mawella and Mirissa. Around 1100 sanitary toilets have been constructed for tsunami-affected households of which 95% were in Mirissa.
  Health education programmes and mobile clinics are also conducted for the benefit of the rural communities particularly for people who are unable to access specialized medical services.
Spectacles distributed at an eye camp in Mirissa   Beneficiaries of the eye camp
Psycho-Social Support
Psycho-social support for members of the affected families is provided through a range of activities implemented. They include social and cultural events such as drama and music, religious performances such as meditation and bodhi poojas, and recreational activities such as games and sports. 

A pahan pooja in the temple premises in Mirissa


A religious ceremony (Mirissa)

Village Infrastructure Development
PRDA’s recent contribution to village infrastructure development included the construction of 5 Community Centres, 2 Disaster Mitigation Centres, 2 Multi-Purpose Community Fishery Centres and 2 large well-equipped Community Libraries in the tsunami affected villages of Mawella and Mirissa. Also assistance has been providedto improve school buildings in the village.  

A new building for the Mirissa Girls’ School

The total value of these buildings constructed was around US Dollars 200, 000.
  The Disaster Mitigation Centres serve for multiple purposes. The centres are extensively used for meetings and gatherings of community based organizations, conducting training programmes, medical camps and several other activities. The community library in Mawell and the Information Technology centre at Mawella are also located within the premises of these Disaster Mitigation Centres.

Mawella Disaster Mitigation Centre


Inauguration of the Mawella Disaster Mitigation  Centre

Multi-Purpose Fishery Centres

These Fishery Centres serve for varied purposes such as resting places for fishermen, a place for fish auctioning, mending their fish nets and as a storage place for boat engines.


Fishery Centre at Mawella   Inauguration of the Mawella Fishery Centre

Improving Community Access to Information Technology

PRDA in collaboration with the Information Communication Technology Authority (ICTA) of Sri Lanka has now set up an IT service and training centre (Nenasala) in the tsunami affected village of Mirissa which facilitates students, school leavers, job seekers, self-employed persons etc. to access information relevant to their needs and also to learn IT skills. IT facilities at this centre are also used for communication via emails and skype. The IT centre is run on a fee-levying basis and is gradually moving towards self-sustainability.

Disaster Mitigation Centre at Mirissa where Nenasala & Community Library are located

  Inauguration of the Nenasala (IT Centre) in June 2007
Access to IT at Nanasala in Mirissa
Community Libraries


Two libraries had been established in the Mawella and Mirissa villages. Each library has around 5000 books on a variety of topics. These libraries are extensively used by school children, teachers, students pursuing higher education, housewives, youth etc.

Mirissa Library (opened on 18th June 2007)


Readers at the Mirissa community library

Institution Building - Organizing affected families into collectivities and strengthening their institutional capacities
  Affected families are facilitated to organize themselves into Community Based Organizations. Savings and credit schemes around Revolving Loan Funds are established in these CBOs. All development interventions in the villages are planned and implemented by these CBOs. Selection of beneficiaries, allocation and management of resources and monitoring are also the responsibility of the CBOs.
Support for the Disaster Management Ministry

PRDA provided 10 Amplifiers (SSB 60SR), 20 Horns (SUH 40), 10 Microphones (AUD 100XLR), 10 Wires, 5 Megaphone sets and 40 batteries to the Ministry of Disaster Management. The total value of the equipment was Rs.325,640.00. The equipment was handed over to the Hon. Minister of Disaster Management and Human Rights to be distributed among the Disaster Management Centres in the Matara and Hambantota districts.
  Social audit of Tsunami interventions in Mirissa, Matara district

At a large gathering of more than 150 people consisted of representatives of the district administration, local government, civil organizations and right holders from 11 villages, PRDA and its right holders presented details of its interventions to restore the 2004 tsunami affected communities in and around Mirissa, Matara and in other poverty stricken adjacent communities over a period of three years (2005-2008). The event was a ‘social audit’ ensuring the transparency and accountability for the development activities conducted and their associated costs.
  The presentations included information on the types of interventions made, costs incurred and outcomes and impacts (Details are summarized below).
  Both the representative of the District Secretary and the Divisional Secretary for Weligama commended the development work carried out by PRDA and appreciated its role in responding to the needs of the tsunami affected and poor villages and reducing the burden of the local government which otherwise is their sole responsibility. PRDA’s development interventions in Mirissa and its adjoining villages were facilitated through a joint partnership with Actionaid Sri Lanka (AAISL) established in 2005.
  Presentation Summaries
  1. What the project leaves behind for Mirissa and other villages? (Activities, accomplishments and expenditure)
Activity Units Total expenditure  (SLRs)
New houses 51 24,551,582
Improvements to existing houses 54 1,690,506
Toilets 1,059 25,080,620
Support for livelihood restoration 722 9,826,643
Support for children 2,297 2,074,483
Support for Differently Able Right holders 70 440,013
Construction of community centers 3 1,650,000
Sanitation facilities for schools and community centers 79 2,370,000
Nanasala (Information, Communication & Technology Centre) & Library 3 2,914,329
Total 4,338 70,598,176
  2. Outcomes & Impact of PRDA interventions in Tsunami affected and Non-Tsunami communities
Outcomes Impacts
  • Houses damaged replaced with new and improved housing
  • Temporary houses/huts replaced with new and permanent houses
  • Increased security and happiness of the families
  • Improved and positive relationships within families
  • Decrease in environmental pollution along with the construction of new toilets
  • Improved health & sanitation practices among community members
  • Improved hygienic conditions among individuals and families
  • Decrease in the risks of spreading illnesses
  • New income generating activities for women
  • Restoration of damaged economic activities
  • Active involvement of women in family economy
  • Increased incomes for poor families
  • Increased interest & enthusiasm of school children  in education (due to the provision of uniforms, books and stationery)
  • Decrease in the rate of school drop-outs (due to deprivation)
  • Increased happiness among school children and the members of their families
  • Nutritious meals for pregnant mothers & children
  • Contribution to the decrease of the risks of malnutrition among pregnant mothers and children
  • A secure building to be used in emergencies/ disasters (Disaster Management Centre)
  • Ensuring the security of community members
  • A community centre for common activities
  • Increased community participation in common activities
  • Improved access of children and adults to new information and communication technology (through Nanasala)
  • Improved knowledge and skills to use  new information and communication technology
  • Increased reading habits among children and adults (through Library)
  • Increased scientific, technological, aesthetic and spiritual knowledge
  • Active engagement of differently able persons who received audio-visual equipment in their self-employment, educational and household activities
  • Removal of barriers experienced by differently able persons
  3. Contribution from PRDA :   Then – Now – Future (presented by Shanti Fernando, Executive Director)
  • PRDA’s vision and concern for improving the wellbeing of the poor, marginalized and vulnerable and the people affected by disaster.
  • PRDA’s clear vision, policies and strategies and dynamic leadership blended with community participation and leadership.
  • Linking the donor community with the tsunami affected and the non-tsunami villages e.g. ActionAid, Italian donors.
  • Effective and efficient management of resources to bring optimal benefits to the communities.
  • Designing and implementing development interventions around sustainable village institutions such as village temples, schools etc.
  • Integrating the project related interventions with PRDA’s experience in building capacities of local organizations, leaders and facilitators, micro credit management, enterprise development etc.
  • Facilitating People-to-People exchange programmes for sharing experiences with PRDA’s other development projects.
  • Networking with and mobilizing resources from several other Government institutions, private business sector and civil society organizations.

Country Director and the staff of Actionaid Sri Lanka among the participants


Representative of the Matara District Secretary makes his observations


Right holders from the villages make presentations

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